Hop Descriptions and Substitutions
  Hop Descriptions and Substitutions Chart
   Our Hop Descriptions Chart breaks down the differences in alpha and beta acid levels in hop cones as well as bittering, aroma and flavoring characteristics. Alpha acids add the bittering to beer and have a mild antibiotic and antibacterial effect against certain bacteria. Beta acids add aroma and are added at the end of brewing to preserve the volatile oils. Bittering hops have high alpha, aroma hops have low alpha and high beta. Noble hops used to brew Pilsners, Wheat and Lagers have an equal amount of alpha and beta acids. Four hops known for their nobile hop charactor are Hallertauer, Tettnager, Saaz and Spalt. Downy and powdery mildew and verticilium wilt are common diseases of hops. Our Hop Descriptions Chart list the hops resistance to these diseases. Substitutions are also sugested for each individual hop variety.       Return to Hop Information        Return to Hop Rhizomes
Name Alpha Beta Description Disease Substitutions Brew
Brewer's Gold 7-11% 3-6% British bittering hop. Resiny, spicy aroma with hints of black currant flavor. Downy Mildew: moderately resistant.
Verticilium Wilt: resistant.
Chinook, Galena, Nugget Stouts, Dark Ale
Cascade  4-7%  4-7% Aroma type with moderate bittering. Spicy/floral with hint of grapefruit. Downy Mildew: resistant in crowns, moderately susceptable in shoots and flowers. 
Verticilium Wilt: moderately resistant.
Centennial, Summit Pale Ales, IPA, Porters
Centennial 8-11% 4-5% Aroma and bittering hop.
Floral/citrus like cascade.
Downy Mildew: moderately resistant. Cascade, Columbus Ales, IPA
Chinook 12-14% 3-4% Bittering hop. Spicy pine-like aroma.  Downy Mildew: moderately resistant.
Verticilium Wilt: resistant.
Brewer's Gold, Columbus, Galena, Nugget American style Pale Ales
Crystal 4-6% 5-7% Aroma hop used in finishing. Spicy/floral Downy Mildew: resistant. Liberty, Mt. Hood, Hallertauer, Tettnanger, German style Pilsner, Lager, ESB, Belgian Ales
Fuggle 4-5.5% 2-4% English sroma hop with moderate bittering. Spicy, woody aroma Downy Mildew: resistant.
Verticilium Wilt: moderately resistant.
Willamette, Tettnanger, Newport English and American style ales
Galena 10-14% 7-9% Bittering hop, All purpose well balnced bittering. Downy Mildew: moderately resistant.
Verticilium Wilt: resistant.
Powdery Mildew: susceptable
Brewer's Gold, Nugget, Chinook, Newport American Ales, Stouts, Lagers
Hallertauer 3-5% 3.5-5.5% Noble aroma hop. Mild spicy flavor and aroma. Downy Mildew: resistant.
Verticilium Wilt: tolerant.
Powdery Mildew: moderately resistant.
Mt. Hood, Tettnanger, Liberty Pilsner, Bouk, Lager , Wheat
Kent Golding 4-6% 2-3% Aroma hop with delicate, mild fragrance. Used in finishing Downy Mildew: moderately resistant.
Verticilium Wilt: resistant.
Powdery Mildew: moderately resistant.
Fuggle, Willamette All English style Ales, ESB, Bitters, Begian Ales
Liberty 4-6% 3.5% Finishing hop, similar to Haller in flower and spice. Downy Mildew: moderately resistant.
Verticilium Wilt: unknown.
Mt. Hood, Hallertauer, Tettnanger, Crystal Lager, Pilsner, Bock, US Wheat, Kolsch beers
Magnum 12-17% 4.5-6% Bittering hop. Some spicy and citrus aroma. Downy Mildew: resistant.
Verticilium Wilt: tolerant.
Powdery Mildew: susceptable.
Newport, Galena Ales, Lagers, IPA's
Mt. Hood 4-5% 5-8% Aroma and flavor hop. Mildly spicy and floral. Downy Mildew: moderately resistant.
Verticilium Wilt: unknown.
Hallertauer, Liberty, Crystal Lager, Pilsner, Bock, Wheat
Newport 13-17% 7-9% Bittering hop. Fairly pungent resiny flavor. Resistant to most diseases. Nugget, Fuggle, Newport, Magnum American Ales, Indian Plae Ales
Northern Brewer 7-9% 2-5% Bittering and flavor hop. Pine and minty flavor. Downy Mildew: moderately resistant.
Verticilium Wilt: resistant.
Chinook, Nugget, Columbus English style Ales, ESB, Bitter, Porter, German Lagers
Nugget 11-14% 3-6% Bittering hop. Spicy, herbal aroma. Downy Mildew: resistant.
Verticilium Wilt: resistant.
Galena, Brewer's Gold All Ales, Stouts
Perle 7-9% 4-5% Bittering hop. Pleasant and slightlty spicy. Downy Mildew: resistant.
Verticilium Wilt: resistant. 
Powdery Mildew: moderately susceptable.
Northern Brewer, Galena Pale Ales, Lagers, Stouts
Pride of Ringwood 9-11% 5-8% Bittering hop. Strong pleasant resinous, earthy, citrus-like aroma. Downy Mildew: susceptable.
Verticilium Wilt: moderately resistant.
Centennial, Galena British Ales, Austalian-like Ales and Lagers
Saaz 3-5.5% 3-6% Nobile hop aroma. Spicy, earthy blend. Downy Mildew: moderately resistant. Sterling Pilsners, Lager, Wheat, Belgian-style Ales
Sterling 6-9% 4-6% Saaz hybrid. Spicy and herbal with mild floral and citus aroma. Downy Mildew: moderately resistant.
Powdery Mildew: moderately resistant.
Saaz, Mt. Hood Pilsners, Lagers, Belgian-style Ales
Tettnanger 4-5% 3-4% Noble aroma hop used in finishing. Very aromatic, spicy and floral. Downy Mildew: tolerant.
Verticilium Wilt: tolerant.
Fuggle, Hallertauer, Liberty German Ales, Wheats, Lagers
Sunbeam Golden Hop 4-5% 2-5% An offspring of Saaz with a Saaz aroma profile. Downy Mildew: resistant.
Verticilium Wilt: resistant.
Bianca, Pilsners, Lager, Wheat, Belgian-style Ales
Willamette 4-6% 3.5-4.5% Aroma hop used in Finish.
A blend of floral, fruit, spice and earthy aromas.
Downy Mildew: resistant.
Verticilium Wilt: resistant to moderately susceptable..
Fuggle, Tettnanger American Pale and Brown Ales, English-style Ales
Zeus/Columbus/Tomahawk 13-16% 3-5.5% Bittering hop with good flavor. Spicy and earthy with a little citrus. Downy Mildew: resistant.
Verticilium Wilt: resistant.
Centennial, Chinook, Galena, Nugget American IPA's, Stout, Lager, Pale Ales