CALIFORNIA, NEVADA & UTAH
Year 2009 I purchased and planted Cascade, Sterling and Willamette hops. I got a strong harvest of each vine. Each rose over 15 ft tall and I was harvesting in mid August. No issues at all.
Year 2010 Cascade came on stronger. Sterling disappeared (dug up ground and could not find rhizome) Willamette did very well. --> I did not test my hops but the Willamette seems to have a very high AA%. It made some wonderful hoppy beers that I have not been able to replicate with 10% store bought hops. I purchased and planted two Magnum. They did well but not a big first harvest. Large cones!
In Lakeport, where I live, I am on former lake bottom with extremely deep clay soil. I use a lot of gypsum and manure with the occasional potassium sulfate (SOP) and zinc sulfate (Maximo 360). I haven't mulched but I plan to this year because of the drought. I have them on micro-sprayers and need to water every few days dependingon the ET.
For spider mites, I use SucraShield, which works for me but not others in my area. I'm using a permanent 10 foot trellis with netting.
In some years we have a little snow as we're at 1332 foot elevation surrounded by mountains from 2000 to 7000 feet. Summers are hot and dry with low humidity. We
I also have a lot of issues with the water. I have both CO2 and bicarbonate in the water. The water starts out acidic and ends up alkaline. Not all the hops are happy with a pH of 7.4, but some tolerate it.
Now for what grows best here. I just received an order from the Thyme Garden for 40 Sterling rhizomes. Sterling does well here, and I have a possible buyer for the Sterling. I already have a 150 foot row of producing Sterling bines. The hops that do the best at my place are Santium. Unfortunately, no one seems to use them. Mine are higher in alpha acids (9.3) than expected, though I've been told it's genetic and not due to growing conditions. Magnum is iffy here. Some plants did well and others didn't. I pulled out the Mt Hood, as they are not at all happy in Lake County. Another grower on the other side of the lake had the same issue with Mt Hood and pulled theirs
Santa Rosa, CA
Now I’m in the middle of the second year. Only one vine out of the six that I planted is doing well (I believe due to critters). There were critter mounds around my hops during the winter and I believe gofers ate the roots to all but one of the six rhizomes. The one Zeus vine that made it is doing very well, the hops are large and more plentiful. I would recommend the Zeus hops to someone living in Northern CA. The other Zeus and both Cascade vines only climbed half-way up the ropes this year (probably 10 feet) and are already flowering. The hops appear to be much smaller and less plentiful than the first years growth. I believe that if gofers didn’t get the Cascade hops, they would have done very well this year. The Centennial were puny last year and they are this year too. I don’t think they like it here.
This year I purchased three more varieties of hops from the Thyme Garden: Northern Brewer, Brewers Gold and Kent Golding. So far the Brewers Gold looks very healthy and has reached the top of the rope (15 feet). The leaves are big and the vines are thick, it looks as though I will be getting a good yield the first year. The Northern Brewer aren’t growing too fast although they do look very healthy. The Kent Golding are doing the same as the Northern Brewer, although only 1 of 2 rhizomes sprouted in the spring. Cheers
***Update from Benjamin: I have had some issues with my hops. I can't seem to get rid of the gofers and the continually eat away at the rhizomes. Each year I buy more hops from you guys to replace some of the rhizomes that have been damaged. I have tried everything to get rid of the gofers and unfortunately I have been unsuccessful.
The average life expectancy of hops in my yard is about 4 years. The first year they produce a little. The second year they produce a very large amount of hops. The third year they start to decline very slightly and by the 4th year there is a very low yield. The hops also decrease in size in the third and 4th years. I'm guessing this is due to the gofers because I am able to see that the roots have been chewed. I also think that in some instances maybe I'm overwatering the rhizomes. The clay like soil that I have tends to hold water and doesn't produce ideal growing conditions.
This past year my 2nd year Nugget rhizome had a very high yield and the hops were large. My Zeus hops were also a second year vine and they had a very good yield too. Last year my Northern Brewer and Brewers Gold produced a very large yield and with large cones. The only hops that I have purchased from the Thyme Garden that have not done well were Kent Golding and Centennial. Besides those all have been good.
By the way, the pictures below are from 2013 and are most likely Chinook, Northern Brewer, and Brewers Gold Hops.
Howdy, People of Thyme Garden,
Just wanted to briefly share some experiences growing. I'm about 20 miles east of downtown San Diego, in granite and chaparral covered foothills, at about 2200 feet elevation. I'm in the bottom of a little valley that collects cool air at night. but it's extreme southern California, so it gets pretty hot in summer and fall. Soil is really nice well-balanced loam, drains well but retains some moisture too. I planted 3 Magnum, 3 Cascade, and 3 Willamette rhizomes that I ordered from you, and 6 Nuggets that had an iffy start here the previous year (they were eaten to the ground by renegade cows just at their peak growth, and I moved them in the dormant season to their present location). Amended the soil generously with composted horse manure and shavings. Enclosed each rhizome in a 3/4 inch gopher wire basket about 18" X 18". Built five 15-18-foot bamboo tripods for the plants to grow on, planted a rhizome at the base of each pole, so that each might have a pole to climb. Watered about once a week, just giving them about 10-20 seconds with the hose, so a couple of gallons at a shot. Mulched with more composted horse manure.
Plants sprouted promptly, and I attempted to thin to the best 3 shoots. Didn't always work out. Also I was not as diligent as I might have been at training the bines up the bamboo. They had a tough time clinging to the slippery bamboo, and next year I'm going to suspend some heavy twine from the tripods, to give them something easier to climb. The gopher wire worked well, as far as I can tell. Gophers may have had access to roots that grew out of the cages, but I didn't see any obvious damage.
Willamette: Didn't grow vigorously. All survived, but only grew about 3-6 feet. Didn't flower appreciably. Hopefully they're just developing a better root system.
Magnum: One grew vigorously and had a generous handful of cones. I got a shade over 2 oz. dry weight of Magnum cones.
Nugget: Grew pretty vigorously, and 2 or 3 of the 6 plants flowered well. I harvested about 8 oz dry weight of Nuggets.
Cascade: Like the other new rhizomes I planted this year, I expected them to take a year just to put on roots. Only 2 survived, but one of them grew to make up the difference for the one that died, I guess, and produced 8 oz dry weight of cones. Not bad!
So in summary, I got about a half-pound of well-dried hops for my trouble. The Magnums are currently in the fermenter! Next year I plan to continue the same hop husbandry practices, except using twine for them to climb on, and ruthlessly pruning the initial shoots down to 3. Would like to expand to include Zeus and Centennial, maybe some more varieties.
Los Angeles, CA
Thought I'd give some feedback on how our first year or rooted hop rhizomes did this year. We live in Southern California (at the foothills of the Verdugo Mountains just 10 miles north of downtown Los Angeles). We planted 1 Centennial, 2 Chinook, 2 Cascade, and 1 Magnum in a garden along a west facing wall of our 2 story home. Got some tips from my homebrew club, the Maltose Falcons, and combined that with the great info provided by The Thyme Garden. Cascade and Magnum were off to the races first with Centennial and Chinook growing much slower. Cones were first on Cascade, then Magnum, with no cones on either Centennial or Chinook. Harvested the Cascade and Magnum in mid-August, right as they reached perfection. Cascade cones were huge and we ended up with 8oz. Magnum were smaller in size and we ended up with 4oz. This week we'll be brewing our first fresh hop IPA with our own hops...can't wait! We'll go through the process to prepare the same vines for next year, hoping we can get some production from Centennial and Chinook and more volume from the Cascade and Magnum. You'll get our pre-orders for next year as we'd like to expand varietals in other locations on our property. Cheers!
We are located in Fallbrook, CA, which is northern San Diego County, on almost 5 acres of old avocado grove. When we bought this place almost a year ago we decided we would try growing hops since San Diego has a booming micro brewing scene. We purchased 6 varieties of rhizomes; centennial, columbus, magnum, nugget, tettnanger, and williamette. Initially we started them in pots and they came up within weeks. In June we decided to transplant them onto a trellis line. Got them in and we had a little die back. We watered every other day and they started to come back. We had cones on all of them. Tettnanger and Willamette didn’t do as well as the others. We cut them back for the winter and just a couple weeks ago I started to water them (El Nino didn’t give us the winter rain we were hoping for). I’m happy to report that all the plants are sending up new shoots. We’re interested to see what our second year plants will do. The key here in Southern California seems to be making sure they get enough water and mulching. Saw no sign of any pests on them. Our soil is a sandy loam and it dries out relatively quickly. We just put up another 130’ of trellis line and will be planting 41 cascade rhizomes as soon as we receive them.
-Sarah, February 2016
Santa Clara, CA
I live in Santa Clara, California. Basically, in the heart of Silicon Valley.
In 2009 in purchased a Magnum and a Centennial rhizome from you all. Both plantx grew the first year, but I realized I had planted them in the wrong spot—not full sun. So, I dug them up over the winter and replanted them. The Centennial didn’t make it, but the Magnum did fine. I’ve been harvesting Magnum hops for three years. Last year I got about 12 oz of dried magnum hops which went into three batches of beer.
In 2015 I purchased 2 Cascade rhizomes, both grew to about six feet tall. They have both sprouted this year already as has the Magnum.
This year (2016) I purchased another Centennial, a Perle, and a Sterling rhizome. They arrived yesterday and I will get them in the ground in a few minutes.
The only real issue I have is figuring out how to train the bines, since my fence is only seven feet tall.
- Chuck, March 2016
East of San Diego, CA
Santa Barbara, CA
Southern California, 33rd Parallel
You mentioned in your latest newsletter that you were looking for feedback on how hops ordered from you guys were doing. I ordered Cascade, Nugget, Magnum and Centennial (non-rooted) rhizomes from you guys and planted them this spring. I'm in Southern California so I wasn't sure how they would do. I had heard that Cascade and Nugget specifically did well in Southern California and that seemed to be the case. They definitely did the best of the four. The Nugget even produced, after drying, about 1 ounce of hops cones. I was actually surprised to get cones any from any of the plants since it was the first year. I'm hoping next year all four varieties will really take off. Below is a link to my blog and a post about how the hops did this year. Feel free to use any of the pictures in the post.
The hops have done well considering that they have survived rabbits eating them down to the grounds and then my dogs digging them up the next year (both times in mid growth 10 foot bines) they came back every time and I have handed cuttings off to friends. When you live in Nevada you need every edge you can get and the above average size of these cuttings really did provide that extra bulk you need in the high desert. I highly recomend The Thyme Garden for any home brewer!